New redating testament
We shall comment on these affirmations in order, offering a sampling of evidence from the Old Testament, and considerations based thereon. 8; 10: 18-19)or tried to avoid their commission-though with out success (Jon. There are eighteen Old Testament passages in all which link the inspiration of the prophets to the Holy Spirit. Indeed it is only as the prophets themselves knew with utter confidence that the word they spoke was fully God's Word that we can expect to understand them at all. One unusual feature of this edition was to be [p.11] its 'red letter' Old Testament.
Our discussion of the prophets is meant, by the way, to refer to the orthodox, true prophets, as opposed to the many professional pretenders (1 Kgs. In Exodus 7: 1 Yahweh says to Moses, 'I have made you like God to Pharaoh.' Moses, the paradigm prophet in the Old Testament, speaks with an authority not his own. It is their consistent contention, and the contention of the biblical descriptions about them, that they spoke God's word, not their own. All of them came to their work as the result of an experience of a divine call. The prophets report their self-understanding of their prophecy in a servant mode. Some of their commissionings were rather dramatic (Je. Some were made to prophesy even against their will (Num. On the analogy of so-called red-letter New Testament editions which print in red ink the words of Jesus, the Old Testament text was to print in red ink the words recorded as spoken directly by God. If you think about it for a moment, I believe you can guess quite easily where the printer had to use most of the red ink. This may perhaps serve to illustrate the role the Old Testament prophets played.
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God's words of judgment or blessing fall into the categories already proclaimed in the covenant curse and blessing passages, especially those of Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28 - 33.
Indeed, a remarkably high percentage of key vocabulary words and metaphors in Hosea reflect the previous revelation of a single chapter of the Pentateuch, Deuteronomy 32. For a single example of Pentateuchal allusion in a single verse, consider Hosea 4:2.
They took the mostly prose legal material and shaped it (mostly poetically) especially employing a rich imagery via metaphors and allegories, God's purpose through them being to express the essence of the covenant message effectively. When the prophets are called to excoriate Israel or other nations what they attack in effect are crimes against the covenant. Such a ministry was sometimes considered the equivalent of treason (Am. It was not anything that the prophets themselves initiated, however. 2: 6-8; 4: 1; 6: 1-7), with apparent state support.
Their inventiveness is always in service of the long-extant Mosaic covenant. These crimes were sometimes religious-doctrinal, that is crimes of heterodoxy (Am. Yahweh's word was the agent of correction, not the prophet. The prophets brought against this sin their sole weapon: Yahweh's word. in some cases this brought them even into the role of intercessor (Dt. By this affirmation we do not intend to imply that the prophets were fully cognizant of every conceivable implication or ramification of the words God gave to them.
It was obviously not the primary intention of either the authors or the compilers of the Old Testament to satisfy our curiosity about what prophets thought of themselves the nature of their message and actions, we may make some reasonable extrapolations about their own views toward the message they preached, and their sense of what they were doing in preaching that message.