The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends.
The first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules.
It originated from necessities of the state, as did the Bank of Venice (1402) and the Bank of Genoa (1407).
The forging of a dynastic link between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile marked the beginning of Barcelona's decline.
The Bank of Barcelona (Taula de canvi), probably the oldest public bank in Europe, was established by the city magistrates in 1401.
However, this name refers only to FC Barcelona, the football club.
The common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna.
Particularly renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.